Surgical Dental

Gum Surgery


Gum disease is swelling, reddening and irritation of the gum line that can progress to affect the bone that surrounds and supports your teeth.
Gum Disease also known as Periodontal Disease begins with bacterial growth in the mouth, that lives in the in the dental plaque, which is a microbial biofilm that forms on the teeth and gums when our tooth brushing is not adequate.
Nearly 70% of the people are affected by this disease at some point in their life. Though such a prevalent disease most people are unaware of the issue and the problems it can cause.

What Causes Gum Diseases?

The primary cause of Gum Disease is poor oral hygiene. When you don’t brush your teeth effectively, a yellowish sticky layer accumulates on the teeth. This layer contains film of disease causing bacteria that releases toxins that causes the initiation of gum diseases. If left untreated, the disease spreads and causes bone and gum loss leading to loosening of teeth and pus formation in mouth.
However, there are other reasons as well such as:
1. Smoking or chewing tobacco
2. Consuming certain medications that cause the abnormal growth of gum tissue.
3. Crooked or misaligned teeth
4. Hormonal changes can make your gums sensitive and as a result prone to gum diseases.
5. People suffering from certain illness such as Diabetes, Cancer and HIV are more prone to getting Gum Disease.
6. Genetic susceptibility such as family history can also contribute


The treatment options range from non-surgical therapies to surgical treatments.
The Non-Surgical Options Include:
Teeth Cleaning- Removal of plaque or tartar from below and above the gum line using ultrasonic scaling device. It is a preventive measure which saves you from getting advanced gum diseases.
Scaling & Root Planing- The periodontist will give local anesthesia to numb the area and start the process of Plaque and tartar removal from above and below the gum line.
Surgical Treatment Includes: Flap Surgery
This method is used to remove the gap between gums and tooth.
Bone Graft
This method is used to regenerate the bone. The dentist uses fragment of synthetic bone or your own bone which is used to replace the bone destroyed due to gum disease

What is Gum Surgery (Flap Surgery)?

Gum surgery also known as Periodontal (Flap) surgery is done to improve the health of your gums and bone around the tooth.

Why is Gum Surgery required?

Gum surgery is generally performed to re-generate the lost bone structure and to help create an environment around teeth and gums that keeps it clean and helps in maintaining them. So, it is an overall strategy to prevent the loss of teeth due to gums problem.

How will I know that I need a Gum Surgery?

There will be few signs and symptoms in your mouth that will give you clear indications that you might need a gum (perio) treatment. Some of them are-

  • Gums receding from the tooth.
  • Persistent bad smell/breath from mouth.
  • Gums will be swollen, red or bleed on brushing
  • Loosening of teeth.
  • Pus formation around the teeth

With these signs present you will need to see a Periodontist (Gum Specialist) as soon as possible.

How long do the gums take to heal after the surgery?

Usually there is a recovery period of at least 1 week after the gum surgeries. Your periodontist will ask you to come for follow up appointment to make sure that healing is proper and bone grafts are successful.

Why is it Important To Prevent Gum Problems?

More teeth are lost because of gum problems than because of tooth decay, so it is important to take care of your gums. Most adults have some degree of gum disease. Usually it progresses slowly and can be stopped from getting worse. Some people are genetically predisposed to developing gum problems.


1. Brush your teeth twice a day (with a fluoride toothpaste).
2. Floss regularly to remove plaque from between teeth.
3. Visit your dentist after every 6 months for a routine check-up and professional cleaning.
4. Quit smoking

We at Sood Dental Care and Implant Centre are committed to providing you with comprehensive dental solutions for all your dental problems. Schedule your appointment today and take the first step towards a healthier, brighter smile! To make an appointment Call us on +91 9914 066 700